At the end of his first year of studies at UW, Landon had to participate in a formal evaluation process with all of his peers. They call it the "Preliminary Examination," although it's more like an oral defense.
He spent his summer combing through research articles, working on lab results, and preparing a paper that was submitted to his committee. Then, last Friday, he gave a 20 minute presentation and was then questioned for an hour! The whole thing sounded completely exhausting to me.